Monday, June 23, 2008

Kurt-70s-80s Adrian Frutiger

Adrian Frutiger is a Swiss type-designer, who has been responsible for some of the most well-known and widely used typefaces of the 20th century.
Typefaces like Egyptienne (1956), Univers (1957), OCR, (1968) and the famous Frutiger designed in 1975.



Born March 24, 1928 in Interlaken Switzerland, at the tender age of 16 he was an apprentice printer for 4 years and then between 1949 and 1951 he studied at the Kunstgewerbeschüle (school of applied arts) in Zürich.

He was soon after recruited by Charles Peignot from the Paris foundry Deberny Et Peignot where he designed several typefaces such as President, (his first commercial release in 1954), Phoebus and Ondine, it was here that Frutiger was also to convert already extant typefaces for the new phototypesetting Lumitype equipment.



In the Early 70’s Frutiger was commissioned by the Paris Public Transport Authority to redesign the Paris Metro signage he came up with a variation of Univers especially for the dark underground system.

The success of this type face prompted the Charles de Gaulle Airport to commission Frutiger yet another typeface for there “way finding signage” the result was a combination of Univers and the organic influence of Gill Sans by Eric Gill and Edward Johnston, originally named Roissy it was later renamed Frutiger.



In 1984 he designed Versailles and in 1988 Frutiger completed Avenir (future in French) this was influenced by Paul Renners Futura, he then later in 1991 Finished Vectora influenced by Morris Fuller Benetons type faces Franklin Gothic and News Gothic.



In 2003 he Designed watch faces for a limited edition line of wristwatches for the Swiss company Ventura.
The Outstanding carer of Frutiger has seen him Develop typefaces through the hot metal, phototypesetting and digital typesetting eras.



Currently Frutiger Lives near Bern in Switzerland and is designing for Big Box Caran d’Ache of Switzerland.

Bibliograpy
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adrian_Frutiger
http://nuxfux.wordpress.com/?s=Adrian+Frutiger
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frutiger
http://typophile.com/node/12118
http://www.linotype.com/720/adrianfrutiger.html
http://www.artandculture.com/cgi-bin/WebObjects/ACLive.woa/wa/artist?id=190
http://nuxfux.wordpress.com/?s=Frutiger

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