Tuesday, April 29, 2008

GINGER MEGGS Cartoons - Jimmy Bancks (7)

Ginger Meggs has the historical dominance as Australia’s largest published ever comic. Jimmy Bancks created the character of “Ginger Meggs” in 1921 and it was the first published full-scale comic in Australian newspapers.

Bancks left school at 14 and started work as a full-time artist whilst studying at Julian Ashton's Art School where he took lessons from Julian Ashton and Antonio Dattilo-Rubbo. He worked as a caricaturist and cartoonist and had an ability to produce amusing illustrative sketches of his contemporaries and surroundings.

The Ginger Meggs character was unmistakably Australian by his characteristics and has become a nostalgic figure just like Paul Hogan, Dame Edna Everage etc.

It was decided that there would be very little colour in the comic strips due to the limited colour printing available. Because Bancks could use only blue, red and yellow with his black line work, red seemed a logical colour for Gingers hair. The parting of the hair was parted in the middle to create symmetry of the face. Bancks kept the colour scheme constant by giving Ginger red shoes and red pants as well. When the strip went into full colour he did not change the colours.

Bancks way of creating successful comic strips was his belief that the key to a successful page layout is balance and proportion. He worked on an aging art white board and penciled in the strip, carefully lettering the dialogue and colouring everything with his use of pen in his final Indian ink strokes. He also used an increased strength of line, use of large black areas and devised graphical elements into his strips to show the diversity of the comics.

Ginger Meggs legacy has continued long after Bancks death in 1952, by the more modern Ginger Meggs artists of Lloyd Piper, James Kemsley, Jason Chatfield, and Ron Vivian.












Sydney Savages by Adrian Ashton

ALEC: Dada movement

“Degenerate art” – Adolf Hitler

At around the same time World War one begun to unfold guerrilla groups of artists, designers, musicians and poets formed into small collectives around Europe and North America with the same common goal of cultural and intellectual non-conformity.

The Dada cultural movement was a social protest against middleclass nationalist and colonial ideals, which most Dadaist believed to be the root cause of the war. They sought to attack both art and social mannerisms that lend themselves to cultural and intellectual conformity. Dada sucked its influences from what it believed to be vapid and bland 20th Century art and twisted it into a form of anti art. For everything art stood for – Dada was to represent the opposite.

George Grosz was a Berlin born artist contributing greatly to the Dada movement. His tools of choice were pen and ink and occasionally ventured into water colours for larger pieces. He created illustrations with industrially sharp lines and raw textures which let him explore symmetry, angles and vanishing points. Although there are usually plenty of vectors leading the eye all over his works Grosz creates a strange feeling of harmony with the use of clever composition and colour choice. He also had a strange take on perspective - as objects weren’t always to scale – challenging peoples perceptions not only within the painting but also of art.

Grosz subject matter usually consisted of crude caricatures of corpulent businessmen, wounded soldiers, prostitutes, sex crimes and orgies. His works also portray a strange visual harmony which is ironic when considering his subject matter.

AS the war came to a close the Dada movement slowly dissolved into surrealism, social realism and modernism which then gave birth to post-modernism.



Monday, April 28, 2008

post 1: welcome to our new blog C20TH CENTURY GRAPHIC DESIGN

POST1: 1900- 1930 worth 10%
200 wds, 10 images and 10 links The first three decades of the twentieth century were rich and diverse in graphic art styles.

Research one of these styles and post a response selecting a graphic designer and examples of their work. Discuss the characteristics/ objectives of the movement.
What are the characteristics of the style?
Examine the design elements and principles i.e. point, line, shape, scale, texture, tone, colour, pattern, symbol, proportion, structure, symmetry, form, volume, space, etc
Examine the design principles i.e. balance, contrast or diversity, harmony or unity, rhythm, dominance or emphasis.
Examine the materials and techniques utilized by the style.
What are the historical influences?
Did this style influence other styles?
What technology was available for the production of these graphics?
pass criteria
Information research effectively
references/ Bibliograpphy listed correctly
logical flow of ideas leading to a personal conclusion
Hand in on time due 13 .05.08.

SOME LEADS Art Deco, Bauhaus, Constructivism and the beginnings of International style from Switzerland , first cubist exhibition, aeg poster jugenstijl. 'colliers' magazine.edward penfield. 'la baionnette', ' millions', 'every week' figaro illustre', the arcadian', jessie m. king, charles rennie mackintosh, mucha, klimt, moser, hoffman, olbrich, loffler, vienna secession stamps, eckman schmuk, otto eckmann, art nouveau, william morris, Fauves movement, Futurism begins, ballet russe, fonts franklin gothic/
franklin gothic extra condensed/franklin gothic no.2/bodoni/ bodoni poster italic/ caslon/ caslon italic
armory show introduces modern art to new york, the deer cry- archibald knox- liberty prints, russian revolution, stile liberty, leopoldo metlicovitz, odeeon casino posters, schnackenberg, 'jugend' 'das plakat', stockholm olympic posters, bortzell, leete, hassall, multiplex typewriter, underground font, bauhaus, Schlemmer, Schmidt, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Terry-Adler, Theo van Doesburg ,dada. hoch, heartfield, hausmann, manray, grosz, futurism, Informative Functionalism, futurism, Expressionism, Futurism, Orphism, merz magazine, schwitters, million mark note herbert bayer, edward johnston - railway type, quaker oats, a.m.cassandre, bakelite candlestick telephone, mussolini becomes prime minister of italy, kodak developes colour
16mm film, 'vanity fair', paris exposition internationale des arts decoratifs et industriels modernes in 1925, el lissitsky, futurist poster stamp 1931, clarence underwood, raoul dufy textiles, gunta stolzl, universal font 1925, futura font 1927, offset magazine, paul renner, gills sans 1928, beginnings of jazz, held, malevich, constructivism, "elementare
typographie", great gatsby, bauhaus movement, abstact expressionism,fonts eagle bold, cheltenham, cheltenham bold, kabel black, kabelbook, kabel heavy, kabel light, monotype broadway, ozwald, parsons, futura,
erbar, franklin gothic, news gothic, gill sans, coronet.